Transdiagnostic emotion-focused therapy and its role in stress management
Keywords:program, self-regulation, negative emotions
PAEN (negative emotion self-regulation program) was proposed by David Barlow (2004, 2018) and aims to enable each of us to become our own therapist, using validated methods inspired by cognitive-behavioral therapy. Such an approach does not replace psychotherapy or drug therapy, when these are needed, but can be a first aid for mild to medium intensity emotional problems that may arise in some situations perceived as stressful. It allows transcending the diagnostic categories proposed by the DSM, being synthetic and taking into account the patient and his/her problem. It comprises eight modules, which cover emotions, cognitions or behaviours, as well as the updating of personal values, which, depending on the intensity of the emotional problems and the level of impairment of the individual's functioning, can be applied flexibly. The programme has been validated in a controlled study, where it was compared with a diagnosis-specific treatment and equivalent results were found. These results represent a breakthrough and pave the way for a unified practice in psychotherapy. PAEN contains the four possibilities of the patient's reaction when overwhelmed by emotional stress, so that this programme can be applied in whole or in part, depending on the problem at hand, by self-application or with the supervision of a specialist, grouping together techniques that are easy to learn and apply.
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